2012年10月24日 星期三

Dumpsys Information - Android Open Source

Preface

Dumpsys is a tool to gather various information from Android device and tell you its system status. All you have to do is to execute a command - "adb shell dumpsys" on your computer with J2SDK and Android SDK.  Let's take a look on it.

Description

After executing the command of "adb shell dumpsys", there're various service messages are outputted as follows. (In this case, I used an Android device to depict how to get the information and what they stand for.)

 Currently running services:
  accessibility
  account
  activity
  alarm
  apn_settings_policy
  application_policy
  appwidget
  audio
  backup
  battery
  batteryinfo
  bluetooth
  bluetooth_a2dp
  bluetooth_avrcp
  bluetooth_policy
  browser_policy
  clipboard
  clipboardEx
  connectivity
  content
  country_detector
  cpuinfo
  CustomFrequencyManagerService
  date_time_policy
  device_info
  device_policy
  devicestoragemonitor
  DirEncryptService
  diskstats
  drm.drmManager
  dropbox
  eas_account_policy
  email_account_policy
  enterprise_policy
  enterprise_vpn_policy
  entropy
  firewall_policy
  FMPlayer
  gfxinfo
  hardware
  input_method
  iphonesubinfo
  isms
  location
  location_policy
  mdm.remotedesktop
  media.audio_flinger
  media.audio_policy
  media.camera
  media.player
  media.yamahaplayer
  meminfo
  mini_mode_app_manager
  misc_policy
  motion_recognition
  mount
  netpolicy
  netstats
  network_management
  notification
  package
  password_policy
  permission
  phone
  phone_restriction_policy
  phoneext
  power
  remoteinjection
  restriction_policy
  roaming_policy
  samplingprofiler
  search
  SecTVOutService
  security_policy
  sensorservice
  shutdownlogger
  simphonebook
  statusbar
  SurfaceFlinger
  telephony.registry
  textservices
  throttle
  tvoutservice
  TvoutService_C
  uimode
  usagestats
  usb
  vibrator
  voip
  vpn_policy
  wallpaper
  wifi
  wifi_policy
  wifip2p
  window

In above list, we see that there're various functional services are running on Android device. When debug engineering is necessary, we could get a lot of useful information from dumpsys for debugging purpose. 

We've discussed the MonkeyRunner Control with Jython script in separate article. We can check the testing result by comparing image. However, we always hope to acquire more clues to point out the root cause of problem.

Typically, I illustrate two situations. First one is when the problem is caused by up layer (Framework layer or UI representation), but it's work normally at lower layer ( E.g. driver). For instance, when trying to switch Bluetooth On, you may observe the icon on UI which remains Off state. But the driver of Bluetooth has been powered on. In another situation we can think about is oppositive to last case

Now we have another choice to make result more accurately. Fortunately, we can monitor both  system status by using parameter inspection from outputted information of dumpsys on Android device and UI comparison by using MonkeyRunner manner as the necessary testing criteria.  

Usage
dumpsys [running_service_name]

In case nothing is followed by dumpsys, the dumpsys will output all the information of running services.

What information can be found in Dumpsys ?

Dumpsys outputs various message to depict system status of an Android device. Let's talk about some frequent used messages. 


When you need power relative information, you can get them by following information.

Battery Information from Dumpsys

Execute the command of "adb shell dumpsys battery", you may see the following information.

Current Battery Service state:
  AC powered: false
  USB powered: true
  status: 2
  health: 2
  present: true
  level: 100
  scale: 100
  voltage:4191
  temperature: 350
  technology: Li-ion

From above information, you can get the information, including type of power source, battery capacity, measured battery voltage, measured temperature and so on.

The definitions of each parameter from battery information  are as follows,

AC powered:false (Power source)
USB powered:true (Power source)
status:5 (see next section)
health:2 (see next section)
present:true (indicating whether a battery is present.)
level:100 (returns battery level as a percentage)
scale:100 (maximum battery level)
voltage: 4195 (an integer containing the current battery voltage level)
temperature: 380 (an integer containing the current battery temperature)
technology: Li-ion (technology of the current battery)

With respect to status in battery information, the definition of value is as follows,
Defined in android.os.BatteryManager
BATTERY_STATUS_UNKNOWN (0x00000001)
BATTERY_STATUS_CHARGING (0x00000002)
BATTERY_STATUS_DISCHARGING (0x00000003)
BATTERY_STATUS_NOT_CHARGING (0x00000004)
BATTERY_STATUS_FULL (0x00000005)

With respect to health in battery information, the definition of value is as follows,
Defined in android.os.BatteryManager
BATTERY_HEALTH_UNKNOWN (0x00000001)
BATTERY_HEALTH_GOOD (0x00000002)
BATTERY_HEALTH_OVERHEAT (0x00000003)
BATTERY_HEALTH_DEAD (0x00000004)
BATTERY_HEALTH_OVER_VOLTAGE (0x00000005)
BATTERY_HEALTH_UNSPECIFIED_FAILURE(0x00000006)
BATTERY_HEALTH_COLD (0x00000007)


When you need to get the information from Bluetooth you can use following information.

Bluetooth Information from Dumpsys

Execute the command of "adb shell dumpsys bluetooth", you may see the following information.

DUMP OF SERVICE bluetooth:
 mIsAirplaneSensitive = true
 mIsAirplaneToggleable = true
 Local address = 00:07:0B:16:23:AC
 Local name = MyBTPhone
 isDiscovering() = false

The definitions of Bluetooth information for each parameter are as follows,
Parameter Value Definition
mIsAirplaneSensitive true | false Airplane mode can prevent Bluetooth radio from being turned on
mIsAirplaneToggleable true | false Airplane mode can prevent Bluetooth radio from being turned on
Local name   Bluetooth device name
Local address   Bluetooth Address
isDiscovering true|false Discoverable for Bluetooth

The following information will tell you what the status for telecom is.
telephony.registry Information from Dumpsys

Execute the command of "adb shell dumpsys telephony.registry", you may see the following information.

DUMP OF SERVICE telephony.registry:
last known state:
  mCallState=0
  mCallIncomingNumber=
  mServiceState=0 home TTT TTT 46999  HSDPA:9 CSS not supported -1 -1 RoamInd=-1 DefRoamInd=-1 EmergOnly=false
  mSignalStrength=SignalStrength: 19 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 gsm|lte 4
  mMessageWaiting=false
  mCallForwarding=false
  mDataActivity=0
  mDataConnectionState=0
  mDataConnectionPossible=true
  mDataConnectionReason=dataDisabled
  mDataConnectionApn=
  mDataConnectionLinkProperties=null
  mDataConnectionLinkCapabilities=null
  mCellLocation=Bundle[mParcelledData.dataSize=76]
registrations: count=8

Note, the information telephony.registry provided is the last know state. It means it may not the state that device is running.

The definitions of telephony.registry information for each parameter are as follows,

Parameter Definition/Value
mCallState Call State
0 - CALL_STATE_IDLE(No activity.)
1 - CALL_STATE_RINGING
2 - CALL_STATE_OFFHOOK
mCallIncomingNumber Last incoming call number
mServiceState Radio service State
0 - STATE_IN_SERVICE(Normal operation condition, the phone is registered with an operator either in home network or in roaming. )
1 - STATE_OUT_OF_SERVICE (Phone is not registered with any operator, the phone can be currently searching a new operator to register to, or not searching to registration at all, or registration is denied, or radio signal is not available. )
2 - STATE_EMERGENCY_ONLY (The phone is registered and locked. Only emergency numbers are allowed. )
3 - STATE_POWER_OFF(Radio of telephony is explicitly powered off.)
SignalStrength Radio Signal Strength (RSSI)
mMessageWaiting Radio Message Waiting
true | false
mCallForwarding Radio Call Forwarding
true | false
mDataActivity 0 - Radio Data Call Activity: DATA_ACTIVITY_NONE(No traffic.)
1- DATA_ACTIVITY_IN(Currently receiving IP PPP traffic.)
2 - DATA_ACTIVITY_OUT(Currently sending IP PPP traffic.)
3 - DATA_ACTIVITY_INOUT(Currently both sending and receiving IP 
mDataConnectionState Radio Data Connection State
0 - DATA_DISCONNECTED (Disconnected. IP traffic not available. )
1- DATA_CONNECTING(Currently setting up a data connection.)
2 - DATA_CONNECTED (Connected. IP traffic should be available.)
3 - DATA_SUSPENDED (Suspended. The connection is up, but IP traffic is temporarily unavailable. For example, in a 2G network, data activity may be suspended when a voice call arrives.)
mActiveDataConnectionState Radio Data Connection State
0 - DATA_DISCONNECTED (Disconnected. IP traffic not available. )
1- DATA_CONNECTING(Currently setting up a data connection.)
2 - DATA_CONNECTED (Connected. IP traffic should be available.)
3 - DATA_SUSPENDED (Suspended. The connection is up, but IP traffic is temporarily unavailable. For example, in a 2G network, data activity may be suspended when a voice call arrives.)
mDataConnectionPossible Active Radio Data Connection
true | false
mDataConnectionReason Reason for data Connection
mDataConnectionApn APN Name
mDataConnectionInterfaceName Name of data connection interface
mCellLocation Information of Cell Location
registrations: count Recording count of registration


When you want to know the status of WiFi, you can refer to following information.


WiFi Information from Dumpsys

Execute the command of "adb shell dumpsys wifi", you may see the following information.

DUMP OF SERVICE wifi:
Wi-Fi is enabled
Stay-awake conditions: 0
Internal state:
current HSM state: ConnectedState
mLinkProperties InterfaceName: wlan0 LinkAddresses: [1.1.2.3/24 ] Routes: [0.0.0.0/0 -> 1.1.2.6,] DnsAddresses: [1.1.2.1,] HttpProxy: [ProxyProperties.mHost == null]
mWifiInfo SSID: Google, BSSID: 00:08:0a:02:03:08, MAC: 00:00:00:00:00:80, Supplicant state: COMPLETED, RSSI: -63, Link speed: 13, Net ID: 1, Explicit connect: true
mDhcpInfoInternal addr: 1.1.2.3/24 mRoutes: 0.0.0.0/0 -> 1.1.2.6 |  dns: 1.1.2.6, dhcpServer: 1.1.2.6 leaseDuration: 7200
mNetworkInfo NetworkInfo: type: WIFI[], state: CONNECTED/CONNECTED, reason:(unspecified), extra: (none), roaming: false, failover: false, isAvailable: true
mLastSignalLevel 3
mLastBssid 00:00:00:00:00:00
mLastNetworkId 1
mReconnectCount 0
mIsScanMode false
Supplicant status
bssid=00:00:00:00:00:00
ssid=Google
id=1
mode=station
pairwise_cipher=CCMP
group_cipher=CCMP
key_mgmt=WPA2-PSK
wpa_state=COMPLETED
ip_address=1.1.2.3
address=00:00:00:00:00:00

The definitions of wifi information for each parameter are as follows,

Parameter Value Definition
Wi-Fi is  disabled|connected
enabled|disconnected
Wi-Fi Radio State
Stay-awake conditions   Stay-awake conditions value
Internal state   Internal state
interface   Netowrk Interface
runState   Run State
SSID   Wi-Fi AP's SSID
BSSID   BSSID of Wi-Fi AP
MAC   MAC Address for Wi-Fi
Supplicant state   Supplicant state for Wi-Fi
RSSI   RSSI for Wi-Fi
Link speed   Link speed for Wi-Fi
Net ID   Net ID for Wi-Fi
ipaddr   Obtained IP Address for Wi-Fi
gateway   Gateway for Wi-Fi
netmask   Netmask for Wi-Fi
dns1   Primary DNS for WiFi
dns2   Secondary DNS for WiFi
DHCP server   DHCP address for WiFi
scanModeActive true | false Scan Mode Active for Wi-Fi
haveIpAddress true | false Have IP Address for Wi-Fi
obtainingIpAddress true | false Obtaining Ip Address for Wi-Fi
lastSignalLevel   Last Signal Level for Wi-Fi
explicitlyDisabled   Explicitly Disabled for Wi-Fi

There're more information you can get from dumpsys for your purpose. Aforementioned has provided you a good start on how to get them. Now, it's your turn.

When you want to know what network interface you are using, you can look at following information.


Connectivity Information from Dumpsys


Execute the command of "adb shell dumpsys connectivity", you may see the following information.


DUMP OF SERVICE connectivity:
NetworkInfo: type: mobile[UMTS], state: DISCONNECTED/DISCONNECTED, reason: dataDisabled, extra: vivi, roaming: false, failover: false, isAvailable: true
Mobile data state: DISCONNECTED
Data enabled: user=true, policy=true

Active network: WIFI
NetworkInfo: type: WIFI[], state: CONNECTED/CONNECTED, reason: (unspecified), extra: (none), roaming: false, failover: false, isAvailable: true
android.net.wifi.WifiStateTracker@00000000
...


The definitions of connectivity information for each parameter are as follows,

Parameter Value Definition
Active network WiFi | UMTS Check if Active Network is transmitted by WiFi or UMTS
NetworkInfo: type: mobile   NetworkInfo: type for mobile: HSDPA|UMTS
state UNKNOW / IDEL  Radio State
CONNECTED|CONNECTED
DISCONNECTED|DISCONNECTED
Extra   NetworkInfo: Carrier Name
roaming true | false Roaming state
failover true | false  
isAvailable true | false Check if Mobile network is available



How Jython and MonkeyRunner use these information to do automated testings ?

Using shell command in MonkeyRunner and executing dumpsys service_name, you can get the particular information from it and parse/filter those information by Jython Script. Hence, you can use these information for your testing or control purpose.

Reference


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